US has permanent seat on ISA but not a veto and it could be overruled by regional blocs
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The new International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea is supposed to offer dispassionate adjudication of disputes. Yet membership is decided by quota: Each “geographical group” is to have at least three representatives.8 In its early days the Tribunal served as a dumping ground for frustrated LOST politicos such as Cameroon’s Paul Engo and Tanzania’s Joseph Warioba, both of whom once had hoped to become the Authority’s Secretary-General.
Many of the specific “fixes,” such as to the voting system, are inadequate. According to the revised treaty, the United States would be guaranteed a seat on the Council but no veto. The Council would consist of four chambers, any one of which could block action if a majority of its members voted no. Although the U.S. might be able to round up the necessary votes to form a majority in its chamber, it could not prevent other nations from blocking required ISA business in the other chambers on such matters as approval of rules for mining applications.