While article 144 of the convention does encourage technology transfer, Section 5 of the 1994 agreement eliminated this mandate and included other provisions to protect sensitive military technologies.
- Treaty modifications in 1994 addressed national security concerns over technology transfer provisions
- Controversial technology transfer provisions have been removed from the convention
- 1994 agreement removed obligations of member states to transfer technology or share revenue
- Technology transfers have been eliminated from the treaty and military sensitive technology was never at risk
Although the 1994 treaty modifications have toned down some of the most direct mandatory technology transfer requirements, the treaty still places at risk some very sensitive, and militarily useful, technology which may readily be misused by the navies of ocean mining states.
- Pernicious effect of technology transfer provision still in effect even after 1994 agreement
- Entrepreneurs likely to be deterred from investing in technology and research necessary for deep seabed mining by excessive royalties requirements
- Technology transfer provisions of UNCLOS could be used to acquire militarily significant dual-use technologies
- Even with amendments, 1994 agreement still puts sensitive military technology at risk of transfer
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