Unrealistic to expect that CLCS will be able to resolve existing Arctic disputes
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Another potential avenue could be to just let the problem “work itself out”. Consider the following: At the time of the USGS CARA study, geologists believed that most of the energy resources available for exploitation reside on the continental ￼shelf.128 With four of the five coastal states as signatories of UNCLOS, a solution to the ￼Arctic “problem” could be as easy as letting the CLCS adjudicate the claims in an ￼orderly manner.129 If the CLCS could settle the disputed territory, then the Arctic ￼conflicts would probably evaporate. Unfortunately, there may be little likelihood of this ￼occurring. Given the snail's pace at which the CLCS resolves claims, the impending ￼political and economic incentives for asserting a national presence in the Arctic, and the ￼possibility that CLCS judgments may be unenforceable under customary international ￼law, it is unlikely that such a course is a legally viable one. Furthermore, the USGS ￼CARA study did not include in its survey “unconventional” sources of energy, one of ￼￼￼which was oil/gas derived from shale.130 Perhaps, the Arctic may contain more energy ￼resources than anyone may currently believe, and, in such a case, no CLCS adjudication ￼would be likely to work in the face of such a stark new reality.